Demographic characteristics of Native American workers affected by an increase of the federal minimum wage to $15 by 2025

Group Total estimated workforce (thousands) Directly affected (thousands) Share of group directly affected Indirectly affected (thousands) Share of group indirectly affected Total affected (thousands) Share of group who are affected Group’s share of total affected
All workers 901 203 22.5% 86 9.5% 289 32.1% 100.0%
Gender
Women 463 124 26.8% 51 10.9% 175 37.8% 60.5%
Men 438 79 18.0% 35 8.1% 114 26.0% 39.5%
Age
Age 19 or younger 34 22 64.0% 2 6.6% 24 70.6% 8.3%
Age 20 or older 867 181 20.9% 84 9.7% 265 30.6% 91.7%
Ages 16–24 131 74 56.3% 15 11.6% 89 67.8% 30.7%
Ages 25–39 304 71 23.4% 34 11.3% 105 34.6% 36.4%
Ages 40–54 288 35 12.1% 21 7.4% 56 19.4% 19.4%
Age 55 or older 178 24 13.2% 15 8.7% 39 21.9% 13.5%
Family status
Married parent 187 24 12.7% 14 7.7% 38 20.4% 13.2%
Single parent 147 41 28.0% 16 11.2% 57 39.1% 19.9%
Married, no children 188 23 12.3% 14 7.2% 37 19.5% 12.7%
Unmarried, no children 379 115 30.4% 42 11.0% 157 41.3% 54.2%
Education
Less than high school 95 41 43.4% 9 9.8% 51 53.2% 17.5%
High school 285 83 29.2% 35 12.2% 118 41.4% 40.8%
Some college, no degree 263 62 23.4% 28 10.8% 90 34.2% 31.1%
Associate degree 95 12 12.6% 9 9.1% 21 21.7% 7.1%
Bachelor’s degree or higher 163 5 3.1% 5 3.1% 10 6.2% 3.5%
Family income
Less than $25,000 161 83 51.7% 22 13.6% 105 65.3% 36.4%
$25,000–$49,999 225 51 22.5% 30 13.2% 81 35.8% 27.9%
$50,000–$74,999 173 29 16.6% 15 8.7% 44 25.3% 15.1%
$75,000–$99,999 125 16 12.7% 9 7.2% 25 19.9% 8.6%
$100,000–$149,999 129 13 10.4% 6 5.0% 20 15.4% 6.8%
$150,000 or more 79 6 7.8% 3 3.9% 9 11.7% 3.2%
Family income-to-poverty ratio
At or below the poverty line 105 63 59.7% 11 10.1% 73 69.7% 25.3%
100–199% poverty 188 68 35.9% 31 16.4% 98 52.3% 34.0%
200–399% poverty 318 52 16.3% 32 10.2% 84 26.4% 29.1%
400% or above 290 21 7.3% 12 4.2% 33 11.5% 11.5%
Work hours
Part-time (< 20 hours) 43 18 41.4% 4 9.3% 22 50.7% 7.5%
Mid-time (20–34 hours) 136 64 46.8% 17 12.2% 80 58.9% 27.7%
Full-time (35+ hours) 722 122 16.8% 66 9.1% 187 25.9% 64.8%
Industry
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting 22 4 16.2% 1 6.5% 5 22.7% 1.7%
Construction 57 7 11.8% 4 7.6% 11 19.4% 3.8%
Manufacturing 74 9 12.1% 6 8.2% 15 20.4% 5.2%
Wholesale trade * * * * * 3 18.5% 1.0%
Retail trade 102 40 39.5% 13 12.6% 53 52.1% 18.3%
Transportation, warehousing, utilities 45 5 10.2% 3 6.6% 8 16.8% 2.6%
Information * * * * * 2 19.4% 0.7%
Finance, insurance, real estate 35 4 10.2% 2 6.4% 6 16.6% 2.0%
Professional, scientific, management, technical services 27 2 8.6% 1 4.7% 4 13.2% 1.2%
Administrative, support, and waste management 30 9 31.5% 3 9.1% 12 40.6% 4.2%
Education 81 12 14.6% 6 6.8% 17 21.4% 6.0%
Health care 141 34 24.3% 14 10.2% 49 34.5% 16.8%
Arts, entertainment, recreational services 53 17 32.4% 9 17.6% 26 50.0% 9.1%
Accommodation 21 9 42.8% 3 15.2% 12 58.0% 4.2%
Restaurants and food service 61 33 54.2% 9 14.0% 42 68.2% 14.4%
Other services 30 8 26.2% 4 11.7% 11 38.0% 4.0%
Public administration 95 8 8.0% 6 5.8% 13 13.8% 4.5%
Tipped status
Nontipped workers 872 190 21.7% 75 8.6% 264 30.3% 91.5%
Tipped worker 29 13 45.8% 11 39.4% 25 85.2% 8.5%
Sector
For-profit 579 154 26.6% 60 10.4% 214 37.0% 74.1%
Nonprofit 67 14 20.0% 5 7.6% 19 27.6% 6.4%
Government 254 36 14.0% 21 8.1% 56 22.1% 19.4%

Notes: Values reflect the population likely to be affected by the proposed change in the federal minimum wage. Wage changes resulting from scheduled state and local minimum wage laws are accounted for by EPI’s Minimum Wage Simulation Model. Totals may not sum due to rounding. Shares calculated from unrounded values. Directly affected workers will see their wages rise as the new minimum wage rate will exceed their current hourly pay. Indirectly affected workers have a wage rate just above the new minimum wage (between the new minimum wage and 115% of the new minimum). They will receive a raise as employer pay scales are adjusted upward to reflect the new minimum wage.

Source: Economic Policy Institute Wage Simulation Model; see Technical Methodology by Cooper, Mokhiber, and Zipperer (2019).

View the underlying data on epi.org.