Demographic characteristics of Hispanic workers affected by an increase of the federal minimum wage to $15 by 2025

Group Total estimated workforce (thousands) Directly affected (thousands) Share of group directly affected Indirectly affected (thousands) Share of group indirectly affected Total affected (thousands) Share of group who are affected Group’s share of total affected
All workers 29,794 5,490 18.4% 2,260 7.6% 7,750 26.0% 100.0%
Gender
Women 13,091 3,003 22.9% 1,014 7.7% 4,017 30.7% 51.8%
Men 16,703 2,487 14.9% 1,246 7.5% 3,733 22.3% 48.2%
Age
Age 19 or younger 1,260 555 44.1% 65 5.2% 620 49.2% 8.0%
Age 20 or older 28,534 4,935 17.3% 2,195 7.7% 7,130 25.0% 92.0%
Ages 16–24 5,047 1,887 37.4% 402 8.0% 2,289 45.4% 29.5%
Ages 25–39 11,794 1,990 16.9% 981 8.3% 2,970 25.2% 38.3%
Ages 40–54 9,184 1,076 11.7% 624 6.8% 1,699 18.5% 21.9%
Age 55 or older 3,768 538 14.3% 254 6.7% 791 21.0% 10.2%
Family status
Married parent 8,387 1,045 12.5% 590 7.0% 1,634 19.5% 21.1%
Single parent 3,955 912 23.0% 343 8.7% 1,255 31.7% 16.2%
Married, no children 5,461 726 13.3% 385 7.1% 1,111 20.3% 14.3%
Unmarried, no children 11,991 2,808 23.4% 942 7.9% 3,750 31.3% 48.4%
Education
Less than high school 7,707 2,139 27.8% 662 8.6% 2,801 36.3% 36.1%
High school 8,601 1,773 20.6% 782 9.1% 2,555 29.7% 33.0%
Some college, no degree 6,587 1,198 18.2% 522 7.9% 1,720 26.1% 22.2%
Associate degree 2,066 247 11.9% 152 7.4% 399 19.3% 5.1%
Bachelor’s degree or higher 4,833 133 2.8% 142 2.9% 275 5.7% 3.6%
Family income
Less than $25,000 4,792 1,892 39.5% 451 9.4% 2,343 48.9% 30.2%
$25,000–$49,999 7,536 1,526 20.2% 809 10.7% 2,334 31.0% 30.1%
$50,000–$74,999 5,930 923 15.6% 453 7.6% 1,376 23.2% 17.8%
$75,000–$99,999 4,082 499 12.2% 250 6.1% 749 18.3% 9.7%
$100,000–$149,999 4,418 404 9.1% 201 4.6% 605 13.7% 7.8%
$150,000 or more 2,858 182 6.4% 86 3.0% 267 9.4% 3.5%
Family income-to-poverty ratio
At or below the poverty line 3,111 1,298 41.7% 242 7.8% 1,540 49.5% 19.9%
100–199% poverty 7,142 2,023 28.3% 768 10.8% 2,791 39.1% 36.0%
200–399% poverty 11,215 1,632 14.6% 944 8.4% 2,577 23.0% 33.2%
400% or above 8,326 537 6.4% 306 3.7% 843 10.1% 10.9%
Work hours
Part-time (< 20 hours) 1,341 367 27.3% 79 5.9% 445 33.2% 5.7%
Mid-time (20–34 hours) 4,524 1,472 32.5% 334 7.4% 1,806 39.9% 23.3%
Full-time (35+ hours) 23,928 3,651 15.3% 1,847 7.7% 5,499 23.0% 71.0%
Industry
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting 996 216 21.6% 84 8.4% 299 30.1% 3.9%
Construction 2,990 392 13.1% 270 9.0% 662 22.1% 8.5%
Manufacturing 3,175 427 13.4% 231 7.3% 658 20.7% 8.5%
Wholesale trade 872 125 14.3% 59 6.7% 184 21.1% 2.4%
Retail trade 3,497 926 26.5% 244 7.0% 1,169 33.4% 15.1%
Transportation, warehousing, utilities 1,596 147 9.2% 89 5.6% 236 14.8% 3.0%
Information 433 42 9.7% 18 4.2% 60 13.9% 0.8%
Finance, insurance, real estate 1,443 131 9.0% 75 5.2% 206 14.3% 2.7%
Professional, scientific, management, technical services 1,054 63 5.9% 36 3.5% 99 9.4% 1.3%
Administrative, support, and waste management 1,922 477 24.8% 152 7.9% 629 32.7% 8.1%
Education 2,018 272 13.5% 102 5.1% 374 18.5% 4.8%
Health care 3,330 580 17.4% 207 6.2% 787 23.6% 10.2%
Arts, entertainment, recreational services 530 125 23.5% 54 10.2% 179 33.7% 2.3%
Accommodation 570 176 30.9% 73 12.8% 249 43.7% 3.2%
Restaurants and food service 3,012 1,052 34.9% 385 12.8% 1,438 47.7% 18.6%
Other services 1,286 294 22.9% 145 11.3% 439 34.1% 5.7%
Public administration 1,070 46 4.3% 35 3.3% 81 7.6% 1.0%
Tipped status
Nontipped workers 28,815 5,157 17.9% 1,857 6.4% 7,014 24.3% 90.5%
Tipped worker 979 333 34.0% 403 41.2% 736 75.2% 9.5%
Sector
For-profit 24,937 4,971 19.9% 2,032 8.2% 7,003 28.1% 90.4%
Nonprofit 1,633 217 13.3% 89 5.4% 306 18.7% 4.0%
Government 3,224 302 9.4% 139 4.3% 441 13.7% 5.7%

Notes: Values reflect the population likely to be affected by the proposed change in the federal minimum wage. Wage changes resulting from scheduled state and local minimum wage laws are accounted for by EPI’s Minimum Wage Simulation Model. Totals may not sum due to rounding. Shares calculated from unrounded values. Directly affected workers will see their wages rise as the new minimum wage rate will exceed their current hourly pay. Indirectly affected workers have a wage rate just above the new minimum wage (between the new minimum wage and 115% of the new minimum). They will receive a raise as employer pay scales are adjusted upward to reflect the new minimum wage.

Source: Economic Policy Institute Wage Simulation Model; see Technical Methodology by Cooper, Mokhiber, and Zipperer (2019).

View the underlying data on epi.org.