Demographic characteristics of AAPI or "other" race/ethnicity workers affected by an increase of the federal minimum wage to $15 by 2025

Group Total estimated workforce (thousands) Directly affected (thousands) Share of group directly affected Indirectly affected (thousands) Share of group indirectly affected Total affected (thousands) Share of group who are affected Group’s share of total affected
All workers 9,966 703 7.1% 462 4.6% 1,165 11.7% 100.0%
Gender
Women 4,851 440 9.1% 281 5.8% 720 14.8% 61.8%
Men 5,115 263 5.1% 181 3.5% 445 8.7% 38.2%
Age
Age 19 or younger 200 73 36.5% 11 5.4% 84 41.9% 7.2%
Age 20 or older 9,766 630 6.5% 451 4.6% 1,081 11.1% 92.8%
Ages 16–24 955 248 26.0% 65 6.8% 313 32.8% 26.9%
Ages 25–39 3,894 208 5.3% 163 4.2% 371 9.5% 31.8%
Ages 40–54 3,366 147 4.4% 154 4.6% 301 8.9% 25.8%
Age 55 or older 1,751 100 5.7% 80 4.6% 180 10.3% 15.5%
Family status
Married parent 3,407 150 4.4% 133 3.9% 284 8.3% 24.4%
Single parent 395 41 10.4% 32 8.1% 73 18.5% 6.3%
Married, no children 2,805 142 5.1% 123 4.4% 265 9.5% 22.8%
Unmarried, no children 3,359 370 11.0% 173 5.2% 543 16.2% 46.6%
Education
Less than high school 833 189 22.7% 91 11.0% 280 33.6% 24.1%
High school 1,382 219 15.9% 145 10.5% 364 26.3% 31.3%
Some college, no degree 1,424 185 13.0% 100 7.0% 285 20.0% 24.5%
Associate degree 680 44 6.5% 39 5.8% 84 12.3% 7.2%
Bachelor’s degree or higher 5,647 65 1.2% 86 1.5% 152 2.7% 13.0%
Family income
Less than $25,000 822 183 22.3% 79 9.6% 263 31.9% 22.5%
$25,000–$49,999 1,366 164 12.0% 126 9.2% 290 21.2% 24.9%
$50,000–$74,999 1,444 117 8.1% 89 6.2% 206 14.3% 17.7%
$75,000–$99,999 1,288 73 5.6% 60 4.6% 132 10.3% 11.4%
$100,000–$149,999 2,009 79 3.9% 63 3.1% 142 7.1% 12.2%
$150,000 or more 2,942 60 2.0% 41 1.4% 101 3.4% 8.7%
Family income-to-poverty ratio
At or below the poverty line 619 166 26.8% 51 8.2% 217 35.0% 18.6%
100–199% poverty 1,120 194 17.3% 118 10.6% 312 27.9% 26.8%
200–399% poverty 2,513 214 8.5% 179 7.1% 393 15.6% 33.8%
400% or above 5,713 130 2.3% 113 2.0% 243 4.3% 20.9%
Work hours
Part-time (< 20 hours) 565 109 19.2% 35 6.2% 143 25.4% 12.3%
Mid-time (20–34 hours) 1,255 215 17.1% 101 8.1% 316 25.2% 27.2%
Full-time (35+ hours) 8,146 379 4.7% 326 4.0% 705 8.7% 60.5%
Industry
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting 49 4 8.7% 2 4.8% 7 13.5% 0.6%
Construction 168 4 2.4% 4 2.5% 8 4.9% 0.7%
Manufacturing 1,261 61 4.9% 45 3.6% 107 8.5% 9.1%
Wholesale trade 250 13 5.0% 7 2.7% 19 7.7% 1.7%
Retail trade 986 133 13.5% 55 5.6% 188 19.1% 16.2%
Transportation, warehousing, utilities 401 13 3.2% 9 2.2% 22 5.4% 1.9%
Information 266 5 1.9% 2 0.7% 7 2.6% 0.6%
Finance, insurance, real estate 731 10 1.3% 8 1.1% 18 2.4% 1.5%
Professional, scientific, management, technical services 1,260 9 0.7% 6 0.5% 15 1.2% 1.3%
Administrative, support, and waste management 220 18 8.3% 10 4.8% 29 13.1% 2.5%
Education 849 54 6.3% 22 2.6% 76 9.0% 6.5%
Health care 1,639 68 4.1% 36 2.2% 104 6.3% 8.9%
Arts, entertainment, recreational services 162 20 12.1% 24 14.5% 43 26.7% 3.7%
Accommodation 169 23 13.9% 25 14.5% 48 28.5% 4.1%
Restaurants and food service 710 168 23.7% 100 14.0% 268 37.8% 23.0%
Other services 479 96 20.0% 103 21.5% 199 41.5% 17.1%
Public administration 365 4 1.1% 3 0.9% 7 2.0% 0.6%
Tipped status
Nontipped workers 9,504 578 6.1% 269 2.8% 846 8.9% 72.7%
Tipped worker 462 125 27.1% 193 41.9% 319 68.9% 27.3%
Sector
For-profit 7,880 623 7.9% 419 5.3% 1,042 13.2% 89.4%
Nonprofit 851 36 4.3% 20 2.3% 56 6.6% 4.8%
Government 1,234 44 3.5% 23 1.9% 67 5.4% 5.8%

Notes: AAPI refers to Asian American/Pacific Islander. Values reflect the population likely to be affected by the proposed change in the federal minimum wage. Wage changes resulting from scheduled state and local minimum wage laws are accounted for by EPI’s Minimum Wage Simulation Model. Totals may not sum due to rounding. Shares calculated from unrounded values. Directly affected workers will see their wages rise as the new minimum wage rate will exceed their current hourly pay. Indirectly affected workers have a wage rate just above the new minimum wage (between the new minimum wage and 115% of the new minimum). They will receive a raise as employer pay scales are adjusted upward to reflect the new minimum wage.

Source: Economic Policy Institute Wage Simulation Model; see Technical Methodology by Cooper, Mokhiber, and Zipperer (2019).

View the underlying data on epi.org.