State and local governments have higher unionization rates—and account for a greater share of public-sector union members—than the federal government

Subsector's share of all public-sector union workers

Category Share
Federal 14.2%
State 29.8%
Local 56.0%

Union representation rate by subsector

Union representation rate
State 43.6% 
Local 33.4%
Federal 31.0%



Note: Data are for 2017.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata

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