Residential long-term care employment had been growing steadily until 2020, but has yet to recover from the pandemic: Nursing home and residential care facility employment, 1990–2022 (thousands)

Date Nursing homes Residential care facilities
Jan-1990 1,138.0 666.3
Feb-1990 1,143.0 669.9
Mar-1990 1,149.0 674.3
Apr-1990 1,154.2 678.0
May-1990 1,162.1 681.3
Jun-1990 1,166.0 684.6
Jul-1990 1,171.2 688.5
Aug-1990 1,177.7 691.8
Sep-1990 1,182.5 694.7
Oct-1990 1,189.9 698.9
Nov-1990 1,196.7 703.3
Dec-1990 1,204.8 706.7
Jan-1991 1,212.5 710.6
Feb-1991 1,220.9 714.4
Mar-1991 1,227.6 718.5
Apr-1991 1,231.7 721.9
May-1991 1,235.1 726.6
Jun-1991 1,240.8 730.0
Jul-1991 1,244.2 732.9
Aug-1991 1,248.3 738.1
Sep-1991 1,252.2 741.7
Oct-1991 1,253.7 745.4
Nov-1991 1,255.9 748.6
Dec-1991 1,259.4 752.6
Jan-1992 1,262.8 756.6
Feb-1992 1,263.8 758.7
Mar-1992 1,265.2 760.9
Apr-1992 1,267.6 762.9
May-1992 1,270.0 765.3
Jun-1992 1,271.1 768.3
Jul-1992 1,273.7 771.6
Aug-1992 1,275.8 773.0
Sep-1992 1,278.2 775.3
Oct-1992 1,281.9 779.1
Nov-1992 1,285.3 782.4
Dec-1992 1,286.3 786.3
Jan-1993 1,288.9 789.4
Feb-1993 1,293.5 793.1
Mar-1993 1,296.2 796.2
Apr-1993 1,304.3 800.7
May-1993 1,312.0 804.3
Jun-1993 1,316.4 808.2
Jul-1993 1,319.1 809.7
Aug-1993 1,325.7 814.4
Sep-1993 1,334.2 818.1
Oct-1993 1,341.4 821.4
Nov-1993 1,346.5 824.2
Dec-1993 1,352.6 826.2
Jan-1994 1,356.7 829.3
Feb-1994 1,359.5 832.3
Mar-1994 1,366.3 835.4
Apr-1994 1,369.8 838.7
May-1994 1,373.2 842.5
Jun-1994 1,377.2 846.2
Jul-1994 1,381.9 851.2
Aug-1994 1,384.8 856.1
Sep-1994 1,385.7 859.8
Oct-1994 1,387.2 864.2
Nov-1994 1,389.3 868.7
Dec-1994 1,392.1 873.5
Jan-1995 1,396.1 878.1
Feb-1995 1,400.0 881.2
Mar-1995 1,401.5 885.5
Apr-1995 1,404.2 888.2
May-1995 1,405.5 890.0
Jun-1995 1,409.4 894.0
Jul-1995 1,413.2 895.9
Aug-1995 1,418.2 899.6
Sep-1995 1,422.5 902.4
Oct-1995 1,424.1 904.5
Nov-1995 1,428.4 906.6
Dec-1995 1,431.1 910.4
Jan-1996 1,431.4 913.4
Feb-1996 1,435.9 916.6
Mar-1996 1,439.7 919.9
Apr-1996 1,441.9 923.9
May-1996 1,445.4 927.4
Jun-1996 1,449.1 930.6
Jul-1996 1,451.7 934.5
Aug-1996 1,452.6 938.4
Sep-1996 1,454.2 938.8
Oct-1996 1,457.2 941.5
Nov-1996 1,459.4 945.4
Dec-1996 1,462.2 947.8
Jan-1997 1,463.8 950.2
Feb-1997 1,465.2 952.1
Mar-1997 1,466.4 957.1
Apr-1997 1,471.5 961.8
May-1997 1,474.8 965.4
Jun-1997 1,473.8 969.0
Jul-1997 1,476.3 972.9
Aug-1997 1,478.4 974.0
Sep-1997 1,478.3 976.6
Oct-1997 1,480.7 978.5
Nov-1997 1,482.9 980.6
Dec-1997 1,484.9 986.7
Jan-1998 1,481.5 985.7
Feb-1998 1,483.9 989.0
Mar-1998 1,483.8 993.1
Apr-1998 1,486.6 994.7
May-1998 1,488.7 996.3
Jun-1998 1,489.8 996.0
Jul-1998 1,489.8 998.0
Aug-1998 1,490.4 999.9
Sep-1998 1,493.3 1,002.9
Oct-1998 1,494.3 1,005.6
Nov-1998 1,495.0 1,007.1
Dec-1998 1,495.6 1,008.1
Jan-1999 1,496.8 1,011.6
Feb-1999 1,497.6 1,014.2
Mar-1999 1,498.8 1,016.0
Apr-1999 1,499.5 1,018.8
May-1999 1,500.5 1,021.4
Jun-1999 1,500.9 1,025.2
Jul-1999 1,501.3 1,029.0
Aug-1999 1,502.2 1,033.4
Sep-1999 1,502.7 1,036.6
Oct-1999 1,503.2 1,039.6
Nov-1999 1,504.1 1,043.1
Dec-1999 1,505.4 1,046.9
Jan-2000 1,505.7 1,048.9
Feb-2000 1,507.5 1,053.7
Mar-2000 1,507.9 1,056.5
Apr-2000 1,507.5 1,058.0
May-2000 1,508.7 1,061.5
Jun-2000 1,510.2 1,065.9
Jul-2000 1,513.5 1,070.7
Aug-2000 1,517.5 1,075.4
Sep-2000 1,517.4 1,079.1
Oct-2000 1,519.5 1,084.4
Nov-2000 1,521.6 1,087.9
Dec-2000 1,524.9 1,093.7
Jan-2001 1,529.3 1,097.8
Feb-2001 1,534.6 1,102.8
Mar-2001 1,537.2 1,107.6
Apr-2001 1,540.1 1,114.2
May-2001 1,538.7 1,122.6
Jun-2001 1,546.7 1,129.1
Jul-2001 1,548.8 1,135.2
Aug-2001 1,550.9 1,138.8
Sep-2001 1,553.0 1,144.1
Oct-2001 1,556.7 1,147.4
Nov-2001 1,560.7 1,150.8
Dec-2001 1,564.5 1,151.6
Jan-2002 1,567.6 1,157.9
Feb-2002 1,568.8 1,160.1
Mar-2002 1,569.4 1,162.5
Apr-2002 1,570.5 1,165.0
May-2002 1,570.8 1,164.1
Jun-2002 1,571.1 1,167.6
Jul-2002 1,573.7 1,168.4
Aug-2002 1,575.5 1,171.3
Sep-2002 1,577.2 1,173.1
Oct-2002 1,578.2 1,176.8
Nov-2002 1,578.2 1,184.1
Dec-2002 1,577.3 1,187.5
Jan-2003 1,581.3 1,189.9
Feb-2003 1,583.2 1,191.5
Mar-2003 1,582.1 1,195.8
Apr-2003 1,582.7 1,200.9
May-2003 1,583.3 1,204.9
Jun-2003 1,583.3 1,204.8
Jul-2003 1,579.5 1,205.7
Aug-2003 1,575.4 1,209.6
Sep-2003 1,575.9 1,211.6
Oct-2003 1,576.8 1,215.7
Nov-2003 1,576.4 1,219.4
Dec-2003 1,575.4 1,223.6
Jan-2004 1,572.6 1,223.9
Feb-2004 1,570.2 1,225.7
Mar-2004 1,573.5 1,233.2
Apr-2004 1,576.9 1,236.7
May-2004 1,577.3 1,238.0
Jun-2004 1,577.6 1,239.5
Jul-2004 1,577.7 1,242.2
Aug-2004 1,578.5 1,244.4
Sep-2004 1,579.2 1,250.1
Oct-2004 1,580.4 1,252.4
Nov-2004 1,579.5 1,255.6
Dec-2004 1,577.5 1,259.1
Jan-2005 1,574.3 1,261.0
Feb-2005 1,575.3 1,264.2
Mar-2005 1,578.0 1,264.0
Apr-2005 1,575.9 1,268.2
May-2005 1,575.7 1,274.9
Jun-2005 1,578.0 1,274.2
Jul-2005 1,578.7 1,279.9
Aug-2005 1,579.4 1,282.5
Sep-2005 1,580.6 1,290.0
Oct-2005 1,577.7 1,291.2
Nov-2005 1,579.1 1,290.3
Dec-2005 1,578.3 1,290.9
Jan-2006 1,578.3 1,295.2
Feb-2006 1,573.9 1,299.7
Mar-2006 1,576.4 1,300.8
Apr-2006 1,577.2 1,301.8
May-2006 1,581.7 1,302.5
Jun-2006 1,581.6 1,309.4
Jul-2006 1,585.7 1,315.2
Aug-2006 1,580.0 1,314.9
Sep-2006 1,580.2 1,312.3
Oct-2006 1,585.9 1,319.1
Nov-2006 1,587.3 1,324.0
Dec-2006 1,589.7 1,331.6
Jan-2007 1,591.1 1,333.8
Feb-2007 1,595.2 1,335.5
Mar-2007 1,596.2 1,338.6
Apr-2007 1,600.4 1,344.7
May-2007 1,597.3 1,351.9
Jun-2007 1,599.6 1,363.8
Jul-2007 1,603.6 1,358.3
Aug-2007 1,606.2 1,361.7
Sep-2007 1,608.9 1,366.4
Oct-2007 1,609.2 1,367.7
Nov-2007 1,610.6 1,369.3
Dec-2007 1,611.6 1,372.2
Jan-2008 1,613.1 1,377.7
Feb-2008 1,617.9 1,378.6
Mar-2008 1,615.4 1,385.9
Apr-2008 1,617.0 1,391.9
May-2008 1,617.4 1,393.5
Jun-2008 1,617.0 1,396.8
Jul-2008 1,616.2 1,397.2
Aug-2008 1,617.5 1,400.4
Sep-2008 1,615.3 1,403.6
Oct-2008 1,619.3 1,407.0
Nov-2008 1,623.9 1,413.4
Dec-2008 1,628.8 1,419.3
Jan-2009 1,632.0 1,421.7
Feb-2009 1,635.7 1,426.5
Mar-2009 1,637.9 1,429.3
Apr-2009 1,640.3 1,428.5
May-2009 1,643.5 1,431.5
Jun-2009 1,645.4 1,433.8
Jul-2009 1,646.9 1,440.2
Aug-2009 1,651.2 1,443.2
Sep-2009 1,652.2 1,443.3
Oct-2009 1,654.3 1,449.5
Nov-2009 1,652.2 1,453.4
Dec-2009 1,650.8 1,451.6
Jan-2010 1,648.4 1,452.3
Feb-2010 1,650.8 1,453.0
Mar-2010 1,653.6 1,458.3
Apr-2010 1,655.5 1,461.1
May-2010 1,655.7 1,463.0
Jun-2010 1,655.2 1,465.4
Jul-2010 1,658.6 1,468.0
Aug-2010 1,659.3 1,471.4
Sep-2010 1,659.2 1,473.1
Oct-2010 1,660.1 1,476.9
Nov-2010 1,667.2 1,476.2
Dec-2010 1,668.4 1,484.8
Jan-2011 1,668.8 1,485.9
Feb-2011 1,667.9 1,488.3
Mar-2011 1,668.7 1,489.9
Apr-2011 1,669.1 1,494.4
May-2011 1,669.5 1,496.9
Jun-2011 1,673.1 1,495.9
Jul-2011 1,672.2 1,501.0
Aug-2011 1,672.9 1,503.3
Sep-2011 1,673.6 1,508.0
Oct-2011 1,671.5 1,507.7
Nov-2011 1,664.5 1,509.1
Dec-2011 1,664.3 1,506.1
Jan-2012 1,666.8 1,512.9
Feb-2012 1,663.4 1,517.4
Mar-2012 1,669.0 1,519.0
Apr-2012 1,663.9 1,523.9
May-2012 1,665.0 1,528.3
Jun-2012 1,662.3 1,531.9
Jul-2012 1,663.2 1,536.7
Aug-2012 1,659.4 1,539.3
Sep-2012 1,660.7 1,541.7
Oct-2012 1,658.3 1,545.3
Nov-2012 1,657.3 1,547.5
Dec-2012 1,660.4 1,553.0
Jan-2013 1,656.1 1,554.2
Feb-2013 1,655.4 1,558.4
Mar-2013 1,658.1 1,562.1
Apr-2013 1,657.1 1,565.8
May-2013 1,654.9 1,571.0
Jun-2013 1,653.9 1,574.5
Jul-2013 1,650.3 1,578.0
Aug-2013 1,659.8 1,579.5
Sep-2013 1,649.5 1,582.7
Oct-2013 1,651.2 1,585.7
Nov-2013 1,649.7 1,590.2
Dec-2013 1,646.9 1,598.0
Jan-2014 1,648.1 1,597.6
Feb-2014 1,650.5 1,598.6
Mar-2014 1,651.2 1,600.5
Apr-2014 1,652.2 1,602.5
May-2014 1,653.1 1,604.6
Jun-2014 1,653.4 1,602.0
Jul-2014 1,650.6 1,604.9
Aug-2014 1,650.1 1,609.3
Sep-2014 1,648.5 1,612.6
Oct-2014 1,648.1 1,618.0
Nov-2014 1,648.3 1,619.7
Dec-2014 1,647.9 1,624.3
Jan-2015 1,651.8 1,630.2
Feb-2015 1,650.1 1,629.3
Mar-2015 1,647.2 1,630.4
Apr-2015 1,648.2 1,635.8
May-2015 1,645.7 1,638.9
Jun-2015 1,645.9 1,641.3
Jul-2015 1,647.9 1,645.3
Aug-2015 1,649.0 1,647.6
Sep-2015 1,650.1 1,652.1
Oct-2015 1,649.1 1,651.4
Nov-2015 1,650.2 1,654.9
Dec-2015 1,647.9 1,652.2
Jan-2016 1,644.1 1,658.8
Feb-2016 1,638.4 1,665.4
Mar-2016 1,640.5 1,668.4
Apr-2016 1,639.9 1,668.8
May-2016 1,641.7 1,671.2
Jun-2016 1,644.7 1,675.1
Jul-2016 1,648.8 1,679.6
Aug-2016 1,639.3 1,682.5
Sep-2016 1,643.6 1,682.9
Oct-2016 1,639.3 1,687.7
Nov-2016 1,637.9 1,690.9
Dec-2016 1,641.2 1,696.9
Jan-2017 1,637.0 1,700.9
Feb-2017 1,636.9 1,705.2
Mar-2017 1,634.3 1,708.1
Apr-2017 1,632.9 1,713.6
May-2017 1,631.2 1,718.0
Jun-2017 1,628.7 1,721.0
Jul-2017 1,627.0 1,724.1
Aug-2017 1,629.6 1,726.8
Sep-2017 1,620.3 1,726.2
Oct-2017 1,618.0 1,726.7
Nov-2017 1,617.3 1,734.2
Dec-2017 1,614.3 1,736.9
Jan-2018 1,615.6 1,741.2
Feb-2018 1,614.3 1,742.4
Mar-2018 1,610.2 1,742.5
Apr-2018 1,609.1 1,743.9
May-2018 1,610.8 1,746.9
Jun-2018 1,605.8 1,748.4
Jul-2018 1,602.7 1,749.3
Aug-2018 1,601.8 1,753.8
Sep-2018 1,599.7 1,755.9
Oct-2018 1,601.7 1,759.1
Nov-2018 1,600.6 1,756.6
Dec-2018 1,603.0 1,759.6
Jan-2019 1,599.8 1,762.6
Feb-2019 1,600.2 1,765.3
Mar-2019 1,602.8 1,770.4
Apr-2019 1,600.1 1,774.3
May-2019 1,599.2 1,774.6
Jun-2019 1,598.8 1,777.0
Jul-2019 1,599.6 1,780.5
Aug-2019 1,597.4 1,782.6
Sep-2019 1,595.4 1,782.4
Oct-2019 1,588.9 1,789.7
Nov-2019 1,588.1 1,790.2
Dec-2019 1,579.7 1,790.8
Jan-2020 1,585.1 1,793.5
Feb-2020 1,584.8 1,792.4
Mar-2020 1,581.2 1,789.9
Apr-2020 1,537.2 1,706.3
May-2020 1,508.0 1,691.9
Jun-2020 1,490.0 1,691.2
Jul-2020 1,470.6 1,689.3
Aug-2020 1,463.3 1,683.9
Sep-2020 1,454.5 1,687.1
Oct-2020 1,447.8 1,685.8
Nov-2020 1,437.2 1,685.6
Dec-2020 1,430.9 1,679.1
Jan-2021 1,416.7 1,671.6
Feb-2021 1,406.3 1,673.0
Mar-2021 1,403.6 1,670.4
Apr-2021 1,388.7 1,666.4
May-2021 1,383.7 1,660.7
Jun-2021 1,376.3 1,655.6
Jul-2021 1,373.7 1,646.9
Aug-2021 1,367.7 1,647.2
Sep-2021 1,346.7 1,625.7
Oct-2021 1,349.2 1,619.9
Nov-2021 1,346.0 1,621.4
Dec-2021 1,346.2 1,624.3
Jan-2022 1,350.0 1,622.4
Feb-2022 1,351.6 1,628.0

Notes: For definitions of nursing homes and residential care facilities, see extended notes.

“Nursing homes” refers to NAICS code 6231 (Nursing Care Facilities). “Residential care facilities” refers to NAICS codes 6232 (Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse Facilities), 6233 (Continuing Care Retirement Communities and Assisted Living Facilities for the Elderly), and 6239 (Other Residential Care Facilities).

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Current Employment Statistics, Establishment Survey (CES) public data series.

View the underlying data on epi.org.