Among residential long-term care workers, direct care, food services, and cleaning and maintenance workers have particularly low annual earnings: Median annual earnings for the overall workforce, residential long-term care workers, and selected residential long-term care occupations

Group Median annual earnings
All workers $43,169
All residential long-term care workers $30,984
Direct care workers $25,974
Registered nurses $57,194
Licensed practical nurses $40,036
Food service workers $19,807
Cleaning and maintenance workers $22,878

Notes: All values in 2021 dollars. To ensure sufficient sample sizes and reflect the “normal” pre-pandemic state of this industry, this figure draws from pooled 2015–2019 microdata. Direct care workers are those in the occupational categories “nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides” and “personal and home care aides.”

Source: Authors’ analysis of 2015–2019 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata.

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