Residential long-term care workers are less likely than workers in general to be covered by employer-provided benefits: Share of workers with access to employer-provided benefits in the overall workforce, among residential long-term care workers, and in selected long-term care occupations

Employer-provided retirement benefits Employer-provided health insurance benefits
All workers 35.1% 50.7%
All residential long-term care workers 24.7% 45.4%
Direct care workers 18.9% 38.9%
Registered nurses 33.9% 55.9%
Licensed practical nurses 23.8% 49.4%
Food service workers 16.1% 33.5%
Cleaning and maintenance workers 24.4% 39.5%

Notes: To ensure sufficient sample sizes and reflect the “normal” pre-pandemic state of this industry, this figure draws from pooled 2015–2019 microdata. Direct care workers are those in the occupational categories “nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides” and “personal and home care aides.”

Source: Authors’ analysis of 2015–2019 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata.

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