Without government programs, millions more would be in poverty: Number of people in poverty, as measured by the Supplemental Poverty Measure, and additional number that would be in poverty without specified government program, by age group, 2020

  Under 18 years 18 to 64 years 65 years and older Total
Number of people in poverty 7,079,000 17,433,000 5,293,000 0
  0     0
Social Security 1,115,000 6,923,000 18,464,000 0
Economic Impact/stimulus 3,246,000 6,373,000 2,065,000 0
Unemployment insurance 1,430,000 3,845,000 270,000 0
Refundable tax credits 2,729,000 2,505,000 48,000 0
SNAP/school lunch 1,302,000 1,601,000 306,000 0
SSI 354,000 1,839,000 505,000 0
Housing subsidies 785,000 1,154,000 468,000 0
TANF/general assistance 211,000 243,000 18,000 0
Workers’ compensation 41,000 142,000 10,000 0
Energy assistance 27,000 90,000 26,000 0
WIC 66,000 35,000 0 0

Notes: SSI refers to Supplemental Security Income, SNAP refers to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, TANF refers to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, WIC refers to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, and LIHEAP refers to the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program.

Source: EPI analysis of Liana Fox and Kalee Burns, The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2020, U.S. Census Bureau report #P60-275, September 2021

View the underlying data on epi.org.