Effects of legal changes weakening teachers unions on school district spending on teacher compensation, by socioeconomic (SES) status of school district

Teacher compensation variables High-SES districts Mid-SES districts Low-SES districts
Log (teacher salary expenditure) -0.0500*** -0.0450*** -0.0437***
standard error (0.0065) (0.0042) (0.0098)
Log (teacher benefits expenditure) -0.154*** -0.0910*** -0.0225**
standard error (0.0135) (0.0067) (0.0109)
Log (teacher total compensation) -0.0867*** -0.0529*** -0.0439***
standard error (0.0105) (0.0081) (0.0118)
Observations 18,750 37,620 19,090

Notes: Errors are clustered within districts (presented in parentheses). N is rounded to the nearest ten. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1. All models include covariates for district characteristics, community characteristics, year dummies, and state dummies.

Sources: Authors’ estimation based on a linked data set between the Local Education Agency (School Districts) Finance Survey and the Stanford Education Data Archive for 2009–2010 and 2015–2016 school years.

View the underlying data on epi.org.